New Study Questions Role of Breast Milk in Obesity Prevention
Tuesday, April 07, 2015
A new study supports human milk as the optimal first food
for babies, but the study raises questions about whether breast milk protects
children from becoming obese.
The Cincinnati Children’s Medical Center review of more than
80 relevant breastfeeding studies that were conducted over a period of at least
20 years is published in Current Obesity
“The best observational evidence up to now suggests that
exclusively breastfeeding, or at least breastfeeding for a longer time, is
associated with a 10 to 20 percent reduction in obesity prevalence in
childhood,” says Jessica Woo, PhD, a researcher at Cincinnati Children’s and a
co-author of the study. “Research
conducted recently, however, suggests that by understanding the mechanisms of
how breastfeeding and the composition of human milk affect infant development,
we may be able to generate a more nuanced view of the connection between
breastfeeding and obesity risk.”
Dr. Woo and her colleague at Cincinnati Children’s, Lisa Martin, PhD, suggest three potential biological factors related to
breastfeeding that may influence obesity later in life: the role of maternal
obesity, the effect of breastfeeding on how the digestive system processes food,
and how breastfeeding may influence the risk of childhood obesity through
alterations in taste preferences and diet.
“The complex nature of the relationship between
breastfeeding and obesity, including the fact that human milk and milk
production vary among women, suggests that the medical literature does not promote
breastfeeding as a frontline strategy to prevent obesity,” says Dr. Martin.
About Cincinnati Children’s
Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center ranks third in the nation among all Honor Roll hospitals in U.S. News & World Report’s 2014 Best Children’s Hospitals. It is also ranked in the top 10 for all 10 pediatric specialties. Cincinnati Children’s, a non-profit organization, is one of the top three recipients of pediatric research grants from the National Institutes of Health, and a research and teaching affiliate of the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. The medical center is internationally recognized for improving child health and transforming delivery of care through fully integrated, globally recognized research, education and innovation. Additional information can be found at www.cincinnatichildrens.org. Connect on the Cincinnati Children’s blog, via Facebook and on Twitter.