Grant Number:
K24 MH064478
Jeffery Epstein, PhD
Joshua Langberg, PhD ; Leanne Tamm, PhD; Aaron Vaughn, PhD

Recently, several studies have shown promising results suggesting efficacy for cognitive training interventions for children with ADHD.  These interventions directly train cognitive function (i.e., attention, working memory) by having children practice cognitive skills using computerized tasks.  In these studies, improvements related to the cognitive training intervention have been documented on neuropsychological tests, academic tasks, and parent ratings of children’s ADHD behavior.  Initial clinical data from this intervention suggest that intervention exposure improves behavioral outcomes.  However, an appropriate powered randomized clinical trial is necessary to experimentally demonstrate intervention efficacy.  Hence, the primary goal of the proposed study is to assess the treatment efficacy of a cognitive training program that targets response variability in children with ADHD.

Sixty-four children with ADHD (n=64) will be randomized to intervention and control conditions.  The intervention will be a computerized cognitive training intervention that trains children to reduce response variability within the context of attention tasks.  Treatment outcomes will be assessed across a variety of neuropsychological, behavioral, and academic outcomes. 

The specific aims of the project are as follows:

  1. Test the efficacy of a cognitive training intervention on neuropsychological outcomes.
  2. Examine the efficacy of a cognitive training intervention program on parent and teacher behavioral ratings of ADHD behavior.
  3. Assess the effects of the cognitive training intervention on academic impairment.

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