A photo of Adam Carle.

Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics



Biography & Affiliation


Adam Carle, MA, PhD, is a clinically and quantitatively trained investigator who uses advanced statistical methods to study health disparities among adults and children, especially children with special health care needs.

Dr. Carle uses latent variable models like item response theory, confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation modeling, and multilevel models to examine health disparities across traditionally underserved and underrepresented groups (e.g., US minorities). He seeks to better understand individual and contextual variables in comparative effectiveness research, health disparities, and public policy for children at individual, local, state, and national levels.

Dr. Carle received his PhD in 2003 from Arizona State University. Following his doctoral degree, Dr. Carle completed a a two-year post-doctoral appointment at the US Census Bureau. He spent three years as an assistant professor of psychology at the University of North Florida before joining Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center.

Research Interests

Structural equation modeling; measurement theory; generalized multilevel modeling; complex survey methods; propensity scores; understanding individual and contextual level influences on children’s health and health disparities; children with special health care needs

Academic Affiliation

Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics

Research Divisions

Quality Improvement


PhD: Arizona State University; Quantitative Methods and Clinical Emphases, 2003.

Post Doctoral Training: US Census Bureau, 2003-2005.


Evaluating working memory outcome measures for children with Down syndrome. Schworer, EK; Esbensen, AJ; Fidler, DJ; Beebe, DW; Carle, A; Wiley, S. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2021.

A Response to Some Criticisms of Post Hoc Power. Carle, AC. Journal of Surgical Research. 2021; 259:A7-A8.

Understanding Variation in Longitudinal Data Using Latent Growth Mixture Modeling. Mara, CA; Carle, AC. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2021; 46:179-188.

Predicting acute rejection in children, adolescents, and young adults with a kidney transplant by assessing barriers to taking medication. Varnell, CD; Rich, KL; Zhang, B; Carle, AC; Pai, AL H; Modi, AC; Hooper, DK. Pediatric Nephrology. 2021.

Measures of Health Status and Quality of Life in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Morgan, EM; Carle, AC. Arthritis Care and Research. 2020; 72 Suppl 10:565-576.

Understanding the Role of Past Health Care Discrimination in Help-Seeking and Shared Decision-Making for Depression Treatment Preferences. Progovac, AM; Cortes, DE; Chambers, V; Delman, J; Delman, D; McCormick, D; Lee, E; De Castro, S; Sanchez Roman, MJ; Kaushal, NA; et al. Qualitative Health Research. 2020; 30:1833-1850.

Development of patient-reported outcome measures of children's oral health aesthetics. Bevans, KB; Moon, J; Becker, BD; Carle, A; Forrest, CB. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 2020; 48:423-432.

A phase I/II study of ribociclib following radiation therapy in children with newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). DeWire, M; Fuller, C; Hummel, TR; Chow, LM L; Salloum, R; de Blank, P; Pater, L; Lawson, S; Zhu, X; Dexheimer, P; et al. Journal of Neuro-Oncology. 2020; 149:511-522.

A pilot QI primary care practice program to help reduce infant mortality risks. Gittelman, MA; Fluitt, K; Anzeljc, S; Rajanbabu, A; Carle, AC; Arnold, MW; Mahabee-Gittens, EM. Injury Epidemiology. 2020; 7.

Differences in Reporting Child Health Needs and Status and Developmental Concerns between Mothers and Fathers: Findings from the National Survey of Children's Health. Hagerman, TK; Carle, AC; Houtrow, AJ. Journal of Pediatrics. 2020; 220:254-257.