Adam C. Carle, MA, PhD

Academic Affiliations

Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics

Phone 513-803-1650

Fax 513-636-0171


Structural equation modeling; measurement theory; generalized multilevel modeling; complex survey methods; propensity scores; understanding individual and contextual level influences on children’s health and health disparities; children with special health care needs

Adam Carle, MA, PhD, is a clinically and quantitatively trained investigator who uses advanced statistical methods to study health disparities among adults and children, especially children with special health care needs.

Dr. Carle uses latent variable models like item response theory, confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation modeling, and multilevel models to examine health disparities across traditionally underserved and underrepresented groups (e.g., US minorities). He seeks to better understand individual and contextual variables in comparative effectiveness research, health disparities, and public policy for children at individual, local, state, and national levels.

Dr. Carle received his PhD in 2003 from Arizona State University. Following his doctoral degree, Dr. Carle completed a a two-year post-doctoral appointment at the US Census Bureau. He spent three years as an assistant professor of psychology at the University of North Florida before joining Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center.

PhD: Arizona State University; Quantitative Methods and Clinical Emphases, 2003.

Post Doctoral Training: US Census Bureau, 2003-2005.

View PubMed Publications

Fairbrother GL, Carle AC, Cassedy A, Newacheck PW. The impact of parental job loss on children's health insurance coverage. Health Aff (Millwood). 2010 Jul;29(7):1343-9.

Carle AC. Mitigating systematic measurement error in comparative effectiveness research in heterogeneous populations. Med Care. 2010 Jun;48(6 Suppl):S68-74. 

Carle AC, Simpson LA. Identifying child health priorities for comparative effectiveness research from the IOM's Report. Acad Pediatr. 2010 May-Jun;10(3):155-8.

Carle AC, Blumberg SJ, Poblenz C. Internal Psychometric Properties of the Children with Special Health Care Needs Screener. Acad Pediatr. 2010 Mar 13.

Bethell C, Simpson L, Stumbo S, Carle AC, Gombojav N. National, state, and local disparities in childhood obesity. Health Aff (Millwood). 2010 Mar-Apr;29(3):347-56.

Carle AC. Interpreting the Results of Studies Using Latent Variable Models to Assess Data Quality: An Empirical Example Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Quality & Quantity. 2010; 44(3):483-497.  

Blumberg SJ, Carle AC. The Well-Being of the Health Care Environment for Children with Special Health Care Needs and Their Families: A Latent Variable Approach. Pediatrics. 2009 Dec;124 Suppl 4:S361-7. 

Carle AC, Blumberg SJ, Poblenz C. Psychometric properties of the Children with Special Health Care Needs Screener in the collective population: Evidence for reliability as fielded in the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs. Academic Pediatrics. 2009 Dec;124 Suppl 4:S375-83.

Kasehagen L, Kane D, Punyko J, Carle AC, Penziner A, Thorson S. What factors are associated with receipt of the services necessary to make transitions to all aspects of adult life relative to states’ ranking? Pediatrics. 2009 Dec;124 Suppl 4:S375-83.

Carle AC.  Fitting multilevel models in complex survey data with design weights: Recommendations. BMC Medical Research Methodology 2009 Jul;9:49.