A photo of Kathi Makoroff.

Kathi L. Makoroff, MD

  • Fellowship Director, Child Abuse Pediatrics
  • Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics



My goals are to help children and families and to prevent child abuse. My research areas include child physical abuse, child sexual abuse and abusive head injury. I obtained my board certification in pediatrics in 1997 and specialize in child abuse pediatrics. I’ve been in practice for more than 20 years.

I’m the Fellowship Director of the Mayerson Center for Safe and Healthy Children at Cincinnati Children’s, a designated Child Advocacy Center (CAC). We are devoted to developing better ways of identifying child abuse. I also study outcomes and methods for the prevention of abusive head trauma (shaken baby syndrome). This syndrome is the most frequent cause of traumatic mortality and morbidity in infants and our understanding of the long-term outcomes of affected children is not well-known.

My research has been published in respected journals, such as The Journal of Pediatrics, Child Abuse and Neglect, Pediatrics, Pediatric Emergency Care, and Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation.

MD: University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA.

Residency: Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Fellowship: Mayerson Center for Safe and Healthy Children, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH.

Certification: Pediatrics, 1997.

Services and Specialties

Child Abuse Prevention

Research Areas

Child Abuse Prevention

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Epigenetic differences in stress response gene FKBP5 among children with abusive vs accidental injuries. Everson, TM; Kaczor, K; Makoroff, K; Meyers, G; Rosado, N; Charleston, E; Bertocci, G; Young, A; Flores, J; Lehnig, K; Pierce, MC. Pediatric Research. 2023; 94:193-199.

Online Intervention for Caregivers of Children with Early Traumatic Brain Injury: Pilot Trial. Maggard, BL; Gies, LM; Sidol, CA; Moscato, EL; Schmidt, M; Landry, SH; Makoroff, KL; Rhine, TD; Wade, SL. Journal of Pediatric Psychology. 2023; 48:205-215.

Association of Economic Recession and Social Distancing With Pediatric Non-accidental Trauma During COVID-19. Lewit, RA; Kotagal, M; Duron, VP; Falcone, RA; Fortenberry, LC; Greene, HM; Leonard, JC; Makoroff, K; Midura, D; Moody, S; Ramaiah, V; Gosain, A; Slidell, MB. Journal of Surgical Research. 2022; 276:110-119.

A mixed-methods analysis examining child and family needs following early brain injury. Miley, AE; Fisher, AP; Moscato, EL; Culp, A; Mitchell, MJ; Hindert, KC; Makoroff, KL; Rhine, TD; Wade, SL. Disability and Rehabilitation. 2022; 44:3566-3576.

External Validation of the PediBIRN Screening Tool for Abusive Head Trauma in Pediatric Emergency Department Settings. Hymel, KP; Fingarson, AK; Pierce, MC; Kaczor, K; Makoroff, KL; Wang, M. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2022; 38:269-272.

The role of household composition of children diagnosed with abusive head trauma. Eismann, EA; Theuerling, J; Makoroff, KL. Child Abuse and Neglect. 2022; 124:105481.

Identifying Predictors of Physical Abuse Evaluation of Injured Infants: Opportunities to Improve Recognition. Eismann, EA; Shapiro, RA; Makoroff, KL; Theuerling, J; Stephenson, N; Duma, EM; Fain, ET; Frey, TM; Riney, LC; Thackeray, JD. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2021; 37:e1503-e1509.

Understanding the relationship between family functioning and health-related quality of life in very young children with moderate-to-severe TBI. LeBlond, E; Smith-Paine, J; Narad, M; Wade, SL; Gardis, M; Naresh, M; Makoroff, K; Rhine, T. The Clinical Neuropsychologist. 2021; 35:868-884.

Providers' Ability to Identify Sentinel Injuries Concerning for Physical Abuse in Infants. Eismann, EA; Shapiro, RA; Thackeray, J; Makoroff, K; Bressler, CJ; Kim, GJ; Vavul-Roediger, L; McPherson, P; Izsak, E; Spencer, SP. Pediatric Emergency Care. 2021; 37:e230-e235.

Validation of a Clinical Decision Rule to Predict Abuse in Young Children Based on Bruising Characteristics. Pierce, MC; Kaczor, K; Lorenz, DJ; Bertocci, G; Fingarson, AK; Makoroff, K; Berger, RP; Bennett, B; Magana, J; Staley, S; Zuckerbraun, N; Hickey, S; Meyers, G; Leventhal, JM. JAMA Network Open. 2021; 4:e215832.

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