Neonatal anesthesia includes general anesthesia for term babies in the first month of life, as well as premature babies (born before the 37th week of pregnancy). The first 30 days after birth are the time when most congenital and genetic defects are discovered and when babies are most susceptible to birth-acquired infections.

During surgery, anesthesiologists focus on:

  • Preventing and treating apnea (when breathing stops for 10 seconds or longer, a condition more common in neonates and former premature infants)
  • Meticulous fluid replacement
  • Managing blood loss
  • Monitoring and maintaining blood glucose levels
  • Controlling temperature
  • Managing pain