Cortical Dysplasia Causes
Cortical dysplasia is usually due to the brain not forming right. This often occurs before the child is born and is not a result of anything the mother took during pregnancy. Some other causes may be due to genetics or a brain injury.
Cortical Dysplasia Symptoms
The most common symptom of cortical dysplasia is seizures
. Some patients may also have problems with their ability to learn new things.
Cortical Dysplasia Treatment
Treatment is focused on controlling the seizures. The doctor may start your child on medicine. A special diet, called a ketogenic diet, may also be tried to help control the seizures.
Brain surgery may be another treatment if the patient still has seizures after trying different medicines. Risks for surgery are infection, seizures and decreased motor function. Risks for not doing surgery are increased seizures, loss of skills, poor quality of life.
Another treatment option may be a vagal nerve stimulator (VNS). This may be considered if brain surgery is not an option. Risks for having VNS surgery are infection and continued seizures. Risks for not having a VNS include worsening seizures and poor quality of life.
When to Call Doctor
Call your doctor if:
- Seizures continue or get worse
- There are any side effects to the medicine
- You have any questions or concerns