Cystoscopy is a procedure that allows the surgeon to see directly into the lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra). A lighted, tubular telescope-like instrument called a cystoscope is placed into the bladder through the urethra. This test can help identify problems, such as:
- Issues related to bleeding or pain
- Blockage of the urinary tract or to look for kidney stones
- Issues with the lining of the bladder.
Water flows through the cystoscope so the surgeon can see the bladder, urethra and the insertion of the ureters into the bladder. X-rays may be done along with cystoscopy to look for different problems with the ureter or kidney. It is done under general anesthesia so your child will feel no pain.