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Female Reproductive Anatomy

Female Reproductive Anatomy

Pelvic illustration

Endometrium

The tissue that surrounds the inside of uterus. This is where the blood comes from during a menstrual period.

Uterus

The hollow, pear-shaped organ located in the lower part of a woman’s stomach, between the bladder and the rectum. This is where a baby grows during pregnancy.

Ovaries

The two female reproductive organs located in the pelvis. The ovaries produce and protect a woman’s eggs until they are ready to be released. The ovaries also make the female sex hormones - estrogen and progesterone.

Cervix

The lower, narrow part of the uterus located between the bladder and the rectum. The cervix forms a passage from the vagina to the uterus. This opening gets larger during pregnancy for a baby to come out of the uterus.

Vagina

The tunnel-like structure that connects the cervix (the opening of the uterus) and the vulva (the external genitalia). This structure allows fluid to pass out of the body during menstrual periods. It is also called the "birth canal."

Vulva

The part of the female genital organs that is located outside the body and leads to the other areas in the female anatomy. It is located between the urethra (where urine comes out) and the rectum (where stool comes out).

Last Updated 05/2020

Reviewed by Shannon Myatt, CNP