There is no cure for psoriasis. There are many types of treatments that the doctor can prescribe. These include both topical (on the skin) and systemic (throughout the body) treatments. Often, people with psoriasis need to try different treatments before they find the ones that work for them.
It is very important that you keep your follow-up appointments so that the doctor may check to see if your child is having side effects from the treatment. The doctor may also change the treatment
Your doctor may prescribe one or several medications. Types of medications used to treat psoriasis include topical medications, phototherapy or systemic medications. Follow the instructions carefully. Your doctor may prescribe different medications for different parts of the body or for use on different days. If your child has had a recent infection with streptococcus, use of an oral antibiotic may also be recommended.
- Topical medications − include moisturizers, topical steroids, topical vitamin D (calcipotriene), topical vitamin A (retinoid) and tar.
- Phototherapy − a type of ultraviolet light therapy that is given in a special booth. It is available only through a dermatologist. It is very important that you keep your phototherapy appointments. You must limit your child’s exposure to sunlight when he or she is getting phototherapy, as your child is more likely to get a sunburn. Don’t forget to apply sunscreen.
- Systemic medication − such as etanercept (Enbrel) injections, isotretinoin (Accutane), methotrexate or cyclosporine may be recommended. It is extremely important that you take these medications exactly as prescribed. Frequent blood tests may be required and are very important. If your child does not get the blood tests, the medication may need to be stopped. Also, these medications may make your child more likely to get sick with an infection.