Treatment depends on the severity of your child’s symptoms.
If symptoms are mild, your child may simply need to see the doctor on a regular basis.
Moderate to Severe Symptoms
For moderate or severe symptoms, your child may need surgery to make the airway larger. This will help your child breathe more easily.
In some cases, your doctor may want to do a surgical procedure called a tracheotomy. In this procedure, an opening is made below the level of airway narrowing. This provides your child a safe airway and makes it easier for them to breathe.
Other possible procedures include:
Endoscopic surgery is used for children with mild to moderate tracheal stenosis. Using a camera and specially designed balloons, narrow areas are divided and/or widened.
Cricotracheal resection is a surgery to remove the narrow portion of the trachea and reattach the healthy ends of the trachea. This surgery may be done in a single stage or multiple steps.
Slide tracheoplasty is a surgery where the trachea is opened in front and back. It is then slid up on itself and reconnected. This makes the trachea shorter, but much wider.