What is a Yeast Infection? (Candidiasis)
Candidiasis, also called moniliasis or a yeast infection, is an infection of the skin and/or mucous membranes caused by the common yeast species Candida, most commonly Candida albicans. Although yeast is normally found on the skin, digestive system and vaginal area, they may cause an infection under certain conditions:
- When the skin is damaged or subject to prolonged warmth and moisture
- When the body’s normal bacteria and yeast have been altered, such as when you take antibiotics
- When a child has a depressed immune system
Signs and Symptoms of Candidiasis
The symptoms of candidiasis vary based on the location of the infection. The following are the most common symptoms of a yeast infection. However, each child may have different symptoms. Symptoms may include:
Symptoms / Signs
|Skin Folds or Navel||
|Corners of the Mouth (Perlèche)||
The symptoms of candidiasis may look like other skin conditions. Always check with your child's doctor for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of CandidiasisA healthcare provider will examine your child and may perform a gentle skin scraping from the affected area. This sample will help confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment for Candidiasis
Candidiasis is highly treatable.
Infections involving the diaper area, other skin folds, corners of the mouth, penis and nail folds are usually treated with a medicated cream or ointment.
Yeast infections in the vagina or anus can be treated with medicated suppositories or a medicine by mouth.
Thrush may be treated with a medicated mouthwash or with lozenges that dissolve in the mouth.
A severe infection in an immunocompromised child usually requires treatment with an oral anti-yeast medication as prescribed by your healthcare provider.