At the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, we create treatment plans that are safe, effective, compassionate and based on successful research.
Non-surgical therapies provide significant relief for most patients with inflammatory bowel disease. These therapies include personalized nutrition/nutrition supplements and medication.
- Nutrition What your child eats plays an important role in managing IBD, for two reasons. One is because proper nutrition helps children grow and boosts the immune system. The other is because some foods are known to trigger symptoms of IBD. Our team will work closely with you and your child to create a personalized nutrition plan that addresses your child’s needs.
- Nutritional supplements Even with good eating habits, children with IBD sometimes don’t get all the nutrients they need to grow and develop. This is because the inflammation in the intestines that is associated with IBD can interfere with the digestive process. When this is the case, your child’s doctor or dietitian may recommend a daily multivitamin, nutritional supplements or special high-calorie liquid formulas.
- Medication Medication is part of almost every child’s IBD treatment plan. In most cases, it is used to reduce the inflammation that triggers IBD symptoms and help minimize pain. It also can be used to quiet the immune system or treat an infection related to IBD. During a flare up, patients may need other types of drugs, such as those used to control diarrhea.
Your child might need surgery if nutrition and medication do not bring symptoms under control, or if their intestines are significantly damaged by IBD. Pediatric surgeons at Cincinnati Children’s have extensive experience in caring for children with IBD.
Surgeries for Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are very different. Most surgeries for Crohn’s take place because part of the intestine has become severely damaged or inflamed. Surgery involves removing the damaged section of the intestine. This surgery is not a cure, but it usually provides relief. Most people who have had one surgery for Crohn’s will have at least one more, since the disease can continue to damage the intestine even after part of organ is removed.
Surgery for ulcerative colitis involves removing the entire large intestine and creating a new, internal pathway for stool to pass through the body. The surgery is considered a cure, since the large intestine has been removed. Patients can live normal, active lives afterward.
Our surgical team offers the full spectrum of surgical procedures for inflammatory bowel disease. The most common include:
- Bowel resection for Crohn’s disease
- Laparoscopic total proctocolectomy with J-pouch reconstruction for ulcerative colitis