A photo of James M. Greenberg.

Co-Director, Perinatal Institute

Director, Division of Neonatology

Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics



Board Certified

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My Biography & Research


Throughout my career as a neonatologist and researcher, I’ve cared for infants with complex medical and surgical problems and led efforts to reduce preterm birth and infant mortality in our community. I also study the link between social determinants of health and health outcomes.

I started my career as a molecular and cellular biologist, but over time, I found that medicine — especially pediatric medicine and neonatology — incorporates the perfect combination of human and scientific problems that are worth solving. Even though children fully represent the future, they are underrepresented recipients of research and advocacy that can provide the best outcomes.

Children also manifest fascinating, fundamental biological questions: How does development work? Why does it work so well most of the time, and why and how does it sometimes go wrong? The patients we see in neonatal-perinatal medicine are rapidly growing and developing, and the disease processes they experience present exciting opportunities for research to improve their outcomes.

Through my research, I seek to understand how variables such as race and place of residence manifest as biological events, such as preterm birth. I’ve also focused on the developmental biology of the lung, neonatal chronic lung disease and neonatal epidemiology.

Research like this informs the care we provide at Cincinnati Children’s. We’re one of a handful of Neonatal Research Network Centers established by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Our investigators receive millions of dollars in extramural funding annually to support our basic, translational and clinical research endeavors.

Our division also has an active quality improvement program focused on outcomes in various clinical settings. Efforts range from improving reliability of delivery room thermal stability to reducing central-line-associated bloodstream infections in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

In addition to my clinical and research activities, I’m also co-director of the Perinatal Institute at Cincinnati Children’s — one of the largest comprehensive clinical and academic programs for newborn care in the United States. I led the dramatic growth of the neonatology clinical program from 12 faculty physicians providing care at two NICUs, to more than 60 physicians providing newborn care at 15 regional hospitals with five NICUs.

In 2013, I co-founded Cradle Cincinnati, a collective impact based within the Perinatal Institute, that aims to eliminate infant mortality in Hamilton County. I’ve also authored more than 75 original research articles and six chapters in the Pediatrics, Maternal-Fetal Medicine, and Pulmonology textbooks.

Clinical Interests

Neonatal chronic lung disease; late preterm infant

Academic Affiliation

Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics


Newborn Intensive Care NICU, Perinatal, Pulmonary Biology, Prevention of Preterm Birth, Neonatology

Blog Posts

How to Save Babies? Find Every Mother


How to Save Babies? Find Every Mother

James M. Greenberg, MD, Robert S. Kahn, MD, MPH7/1/2019

My Education

MD: University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, 1977-1981.

Pediatric Internship and Residency: University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN, 1981-1984. Chief Resident, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN, 1984.

Fellowship: Immunology/Neonatology, University of Minnesota Hospital and Clinic, Minneapolis, MN, 1985-1987; 1988-1989; visiting scientist, Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Division of Protein and Nucleic Acid Chemistry, Cambridge, England.

Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, 1988; subspecialty board, Neonatal/Perinatal Medicine, 1989.

My Publications

Respiratory medication use in extremely premature (<29 weeks) infants during initial NICU hospitalization: Results from the prematurity and respiratory outcomes program. Greenberg, JM; Poindexter, BB; Shaw, PA; Bellamy, SL; Keller, RL; Moore, PE; McPherson, C; Ryan, RM. Pediatric Pulmonology. 2020; 55:360-368.

Respiratory Medications in Infants < 29 Weeks during the First Year Postdischarge: The Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program (PROP) Consortium. Ryan, RM; Keller, RL; Poindexter, BB; D'Angio, CT; Shaw, PA; Bellamy, SL; Moore, PE; McPherson, C; Greenberg, JM; Chougnet, C; et al. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2019; 208:148-155.e3.

Black Race Is Associated with a Lower Risk of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. Ryan, RM; Feng, R; Bazacliu, C; Ferkol, TW; Ren, CL; Mariani, TJ; Poindexter, BB; Wang, F; Moore, PE; Chougnet, C; et al. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2019; 207:130-135.e2.

Material community deprivation and hospital utilization during the first year of life: an urban population-based cohort study. Brokamp, C; Beck, AF; Goyal, NK; Ryan, P; Greenberg, JM; Hall, ES. Annals of Epidemiology. 2019; 30:37-43.

Surveillance of Intrauterine Opioid Exposures Using Electronic Health Records. Hall, ES; Wexelblatt, SL; Greenberg, JM. Population Health Management. 2018; 21:486-492.

Exome sequencing identifies gene variants and networks associated with extreme respiratory outcomes following preterm birth. Hamvas, A; Feng, R; Bi, Y; Wang, F; Bhattacharya, S; Mereness, J; Kaushal, M; Cotten, CM; Ballard, PL; Mariani, TJ; et al. BMC Genetics. 2018; 19.

Tidal Breathing Measurements at Discharge and Clinical Outcomes in Extremely Low Gestational Age Neonates. Ren, CL; Feng, R; Davis, SD; Eichenwald, E; Jobe, A; Moore, PE; Panitch, HB; Sharp, JK; Kisling, J; Clem, C; et al. Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 2018; 15:1311-1319.

Acute Responses to Diuretic Therapy in Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns: Results from the Prematurity and Respiratory Outcomes Program Cohort Study. Blaisdell, CJ; Troendle, J; Zajicek, A; Chougnet, C; Greenberg, JM; Hardie, W; Jobe, AH; McDowell, K; Ferkol, T; Holland, MR; et al. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2018; 197:42-47.e1.

Implementation of a Regional Perinatal Data Repository from Clinical and Billing Records. Hall, ES; Greenberg, JM; Muglia, LJ; Divekar, P; Zahner, J; Gholap, J; Leonard, M; Marsolo, K. Maternal and Child Health Journal. 2018; 22:485-493.

Evaluation of identifier field agreement in linked neonatal records. Hall, ES; Marsolo, K; Greenberg, JM. Journal of Perinatology. 2017; 37:969-974.