A photo of Stephanie Merhar.

Attending Neonatologist, Perinatal Institute, Neonatology and Pulmonary Biology

Research Director, NICU Follow Up Clinic
Follow Up Principal Investigator, Cincinnati site, NICHD Neonatal Research Network

Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics


Board Certified

My Biography & Research


Stephanie L. Merhar, MD, MS, is a neonatologist with a research focus in the field of neuroimaging, developing ways to use advanced imaging techniques to predict and improve the outcomes of term and preterm babies with brain injury.

Additional Languages


Clinical Interests

Infants with perinatal brain injury; neonatal follow up.

Research Interests

Follow-up outcomes; advanced neuroimaging to predict outcomes in infants with brain injury.

Academic Affiliation

Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics


Newborn Intensive Care NICU, Perinatal, Fetal Care, Neonatology, Neonatology

My Locations

My Education

MD: University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 2005.

Residency: Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 2005-2008.

Fellowship: Neonatology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 2008-2011.

Certification: Pediatrics, 2008.

My Publications

Does the initial surgery for necrotizing enterocolitismatter? Comparative outcomes for laparotomy vs. peritoneal drain as initial surgery for necrotizing enterocolitis in infants < 1000 g birth weight. Yanowitz, TD; Sullivan, KM; Piazza, AJ; Brozanski, B; Zaniletti, I; Sharma, J; Nayak, SP; Wadhawan, R; Reber, KM; Murthy, K; et al. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2019; 54:712-717.

Fetal brain morphometry on prenatal magnetic resonance imaging in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Radhakrishnan, R; Merhar, SL; Burns, P; Zhang, B; Lim, F; Kline-Fath, BM. Pediatric Radiology: roentgenology, nuclear medicine, ultrasonics, CT, MRI. 2019; 49:217-223.

Behavioral problems are associated with cognitive and language scores in toddlers born extremely preterm. Lowe, JR; Fuller, JF; Do, BT; Vohr, BR; Das, A; Hintz, SR; Watterberg, KL; Higgins, RD; Caplan, MS; Laptook, AR; et al. Early Human Development. 2019; 128:48-54.

Extremely preterm children exhibit increased interhemispheric connectivity for language: findings from fMRI-constrained MEG analysis. Barnes-Davis, ME; Merhar, SL; Holland, SK; Kadis, DS. Developmental Science. 2018; 21:e12669-e12669.

Altered functional network connectivity in preterm infants: antecedents of cognitive and motor impairments?. Gozdas, E; Parikh, NA; Merhar, SL; Tkach, JA; He, L; Holland, SK. Brain Structure and Function. 2018; 223:3665-3680.

Conventional MRI scan and DTI imaging show more severe brain injury in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and seizures. Kline-Fath, BM; Horn, PS; Yuan, W; Merhar, S; Venkatesan, C; Thomas, CW; Schapiro, MB. Early Human Development. 2018; 122:8-14.

Torticollis in Infants with a History of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. McAllister, JM; Hall, ES; Hertenstein, GE R; Merhar, SL; Uebel, PL; Wexelblatt, SL. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2018; 196:305-308.

Retrospective review of neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants treated for neonatal abstinence syndrome. Merhar, SL; McAllister, JM; Wedig-Stevie, KE; Klein, AC; Meinzen-Derr, J; Poindexter, BB. Journal of Perinatology. 2018; 38:587-592.

Prenatal Factors Associated with Postnatal Brain Injury in Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. Radhakrishnan, R; Merhar, SL; Su, W; Zhang, B; Burns, P; Lim, FY; Kline-Fath, BM. American Journal of Neuroradiology. 2018; 39:558-562.

Using Functional Connectivity Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Measure Brain Connectivity in Preterm Infants. Pickler, R; Sealschott, S; Moore, M; Merhar, S; Tkach, J; Salzwedel, AP; Lin, W; Gao, W. Nursing Research. 2017; 66:490-495.