A photo of Daniel J. Schumacher.

Daniel J. Schumacher, MD, PhD, MEd

  • Director, Education Research Unit
  • Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics



Pediatric emergency medicine is my specialty. I have always been interested in illnesses that tend to affect children. Working with children is incredibly rewarding, and I believe that clinicians and researchers can genuinely make a difference in their lives.

My research is in the area of competency-based medical education. Specifically, I study patient-focused approaches to physician performance assessment. These factors include entrustable professional activities and resident-sensitive quality measures — the latter of which I developed as the focus of my PhD work. The goal of my research is to ensure that training and educational outcomes prepare physicians to achieve the outcomes that patients need.

During my chief residency year, I developed an interest in resident assessment. I became one of eight people in a working group that developed the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Pediatric Milestones. We use this assessment approach with residents and fellows in all ACGME-accredited pediatric training programs. This work illuminated our need for better ways to assess trainees in medicine than our traditional models. Moreover, I believed we needed a way to assess physicians that demonstrates the efficacy of the care they provide to patients, as this is another gap in traditional approaches.

I am one of a select number of Americans who is a member of the International Competency-based Medical Education Collaborators. I have received Academic Medicine's Excellence in Reviewing Award as well as multiple top reviewer awards from the Journal of Graduate Medical Education. I was Cincinnati Children's first recipient of the prestigious and competitive Macy Faculty Scholar Award from the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, and I also received Cincinnati Children's Educational Achievement Award in 2018.

MD: University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, 2005.

Residency: Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, 2008.

Chief Residency: Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, 2009.

Fellowship: Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, 2012.

MEd: University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2012.

PhD: Maastricht University School of Health Professions Education, Maastricht, Netherlands, 2020.

Services and Specialties

Emergency Medicine


Competency-based medical education; physician performance assessment; qualitative methodologies

Research Areas

Emergency Medicine


Just-in-Time, Just-in-Place Virtual Training in the Pediatric Emergency Department: A Novel Approach to Impact the Perfusion Exam. Shah, AS; Sobolewski, B; Chon, S; Cruse, B; Glisson, MD; Zackoff, MW; Davis, D; Zhang, Y; Schumacher, DJ; Geis, GL. Advances in Medical Education and Practice. 2023; 14:901-911.

Reconstructing Neurath's Ship: A Case Study in Reevaluating Equity in a Program of Assessment. Kinnear, B; Weber, DE; Schumacher, DJ; Edje, L; Warm, EJ; Anderson, HL. Academic Medicine. 2023; 98:S50-S56.

It Takes a Village: Optimal Graduate Medical Education Requires a Deliberately Developmental Organization. Miller, KA; Nagler, J; Wolff, M; Schumacher, DJ; Pusic, MV. Perspectives on Medical Education. 2023; 12:282-293.

Competency-based medical education: The spark to ignite healthcare's escape fire. Schumacher, DJ; Kinnear, B; Carraccio, C; Holmboe, E; Busari, JO; van der Vleuten, C; Lingard, L. Medical Teacher (Informa). 2023; ahead-of-print:1-7.

A Qualitative Analysis of Assessment and Evaluation Practices Within the Individualized Curriculum. Reed, S; Picca, A; Lockwood, L; Thoreson, L; Burke, AE; Mahan, JD; Schumacher, DJ; Gifford, KA. Academic Pediatrics. 2023; 23:1001-1010.

How Does TIMELESS Training Impact Resident Motivation for Learning, Assessment, and Feedback? Evaluating a Competency-Based Time-Variable Training Pilot. Kinnear, B; Santen, SA; Kelleher, M; Martini, A; Ferris, S; Edje, L; Warm, EJ; Schumacher, DJ. Academic Medicine. 2023; 98:828-835.

How Augmenting Reality Changes the Reality of Simulation: Ethnographic Analysis. Loeb, D; Shoemaker, J; Parsons, A; Schumacher, D; Zackoff, M. JMIR Medical Education. 2023; 9:e45538.

TRainee Attributable & Automatable Care Evaluations in Real-time (TRACERs): A Scalable Approach for Linking Education to Patient Care. Burk-Rafel, J; Sebok-Syer, SS; Santen, SA; Jiang, J; Caretta-Weyer, HA; Iturrate, E; Kelleher, M; Warm, EJ; Schumacher, DJ; Kinnear, B. Perspectives on Medical Education. 2023; 12:149-159.

"Dismantling Fixed Time, Variable Outcome Education: Abandoning 'Ready or Not, Here they Come' is Overdue ". Carraccio, C; Lentz, A; Schumacher, DJ. Perspectives on Medical Education. 2023; 12:68-75.

Using Resident-Sensitive Quality Measures Derived From Electronic Health Record Data to Assess Residents' Performance in Pediatric Emergency Medicine. Smirnova, A; Chahine, S; Milani, C; Schuh, A; Sebok-Syer, SS; Swartz, JL; Wilhite, JA; Kalet, A; Durning, SJ; Lombarts, KM J M H; et al. Academic Medicine. 2023; 98:367-375.

From the Blog

Schumacher Invited to Elite Medical Education Fellowship
Emergency and Critical Care

Schumacher Invited to Elite Medical Education Fellowship

Daniel J. Schumacher, MD, PhD, MEd6/12/2023

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