A photo of Daniel J. Schumacher.

Director, Education Research Unit

Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics


Board Certified

My Biography & Research


Pediatric emergency medicine is my specialty. I have always been interested in illnesses that tend to affect children. Working with children is incredibly rewarding, and I believe that clinicians and researchers can genuinely make a difference in their lives.

My research is in the area of competency-based medical education. Specifically, I study patient-focused approaches to physician performance assessment. These factors include entrustable professional activities and resident-sensitive quality measures — the latter of which I developed as the focus of my PhD work. The goal of my research is to ensure that training and educational outcomes prepare physicians to achieve the outcomes that patients need.

During my chief residency year, I developed an interest in resident assessment. I became one of eight people in a working group that developed the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Pediatric Milestones. We use this assessment approach with residents and fellows in all ACGME-accredited pediatric training programs. This work illuminated our need for better ways to assess trainees in medicine than our traditional models. Moreover, I believed we needed a way to assess physicians that demonstrates the efficacy of the care they provide to patients, as this is another gap in traditional approaches.

I am one of a select number of Americans who is a member of the International Competency-based Medical Education Collaborators. I have received Academic Medicine's Excellence in Reviewing Award as well as multiple top reviewer awards from the Journal of Graduate Medical Education. I was Cincinnati Children's first recipient of the prestigious and competitive Macy Faculty Scholar Award from the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, and I also received Cincinnati Children's Educational Achievement Award in 2018.

Research Interests

Competency-based medical education; physician performance assessment; qualitative methodologies

Academic Affiliation

Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics

Clinical Divisions

Emergency Medicine

Research Divisions

Emergency Medicine

My Education

MD: University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, 2005.

Residency: Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, 2008.

Chief Residency: Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, 2009.

Fellowship: Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, 2012.

MEd: University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2012.

PhD: Maastricht University School of Health Professions Education, Maastricht, Netherlands, 2020.

My Publications

Identifying Core Components of EPA Implementation: A Path to Knowing if a Complex Intervention Is Being Implemented as Intended. Carraccio, C; Martini, A; Van Melle, E; Schumacher, DJ. Academic Medicine. 2021.

2020 Virtual International Conference on Residency Education. Pilon, C. Canadian Medical Education Journal. 2021; 12:e120-e179.

Entrustment Decision Making: Extending Miller's Pyramid. Ten Cate, O; Carraccio, C; Damodaran, A; Gofton, W; Hamstra, SJ; Hart, DE; Richardson, D; Ross, S; Schultz, K; Warm, EJ; et al. Academic Medicine. 2021; 96:199-204.

Implementing the Behavioral and Mental Health Entrustable Professional Activity: Insights for a Path Forward. Wurster Ovalle, V; Martini, A; Tanguay, S; Carraccio, C; Schumacher, DJ. Ambulatory Pediatrics. 2021; 21:178-184.

Professional Identity Formation During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Zhou, C; Kinnear, B; Carraccio, C; Schumacher, DJ. Journal of hospital medicine (Online). 2021; 16:44-46.

Describing Overarching Curricular Goals for Individualized Education. Gifford, KA; Thoreson, L; Burke, AE; Lockspeiser, TM; Lockwood, LZ; Reed, S; Schumacher, DJ; Mahan, JD. Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 2020; 1-10.

Twelve tips for organising speed mentoring events for healthcare professionals at small or large-scale venues. Ramani, S; Thampy, H; McKimm, J; Rogers, GD; Hays, R; Kusurkar, RA; Schumacher, DJ; Kachur, EK; Fornari, A; Chisolm, MS; et al. Medical Teacher. 2020; 42:1322-1329.

Facilitators and Inhibitors to Assessing Entrustable Professional Activities in Pediatric Residency. Schumacher, DJ; Martini, A; Kinnear, B; Kelleher, M; Balmer, DF; Wurster-Ovalle, V; Carraccio, C. Ambulatory Pediatrics. 2020.

Developing a Standardized Process for Divisional Scientific Review of Research Protocols Submitted to the Institutional Review Board. Reed, JL; Amlal, S; Schumacher, DJ; Kerrey, B; Schnadower, D. Journal of Pediatrics. 2020.

Narrative Performance Level Assignments at Initial Entrustment and Graduation: Integrating EPAs and Milestones to Improve Learner Assessment. Schumacher, DJ; Schwartz, A; Zenel, JA; Paradise Black, N; Ponitz, K; Blair, R; Traba, CM; Poynter, S; King, B; Englander, R; et al. Academic Medicine. 2020; 95:1736-1744.