A photo of Daniel J. Schumacher.

Daniel J. Schumacher, MD, PhD, MEd

  • Director, Education Research Unit
  • Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics



Pediatric emergency medicine is my specialty. I have always been interested in illnesses that tend to affect children. Working with children is incredibly rewarding, and I believe that clinicians and researchers can genuinely make a difference in their lives.

My research is in the area of competency-based medical education. Specifically, I study patient-focused approaches to physician performance assessment. These factors include entrustable professional activities and resident-sensitive quality measures — the latter of which I developed as the focus of my PhD work. The goal of my research is to ensure that training and educational outcomes prepare physicians to achieve the outcomes that patients need.

During my chief residency year, I developed an interest in resident assessment. I became one of eight people in a working group that developed the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Pediatric Milestones. We use this assessment approach with residents and fellows in all ACGME-accredited pediatric training programs. This work illuminated our need for better ways to assess trainees in medicine than our traditional models. Moreover, I believed we needed a way to assess physicians that demonstrates the efficacy of the care they provide to patients, as this is another gap in traditional approaches.

I am one of a select number of Americans who is a member of the International Competency-based Medical Education Collaborators. I have received Academic Medicine's Excellence in Reviewing Award as well as multiple top reviewer awards from the Journal of Graduate Medical Education. I was Cincinnati Children's first recipient of the prestigious and competitive Macy Faculty Scholar Award from the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, and I also received Cincinnati Children's Educational Achievement Award in 2018.

MD: University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, 2005.

Residency: Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, 2008.

Chief Residency: Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, 2009.

Fellowship: Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, 2012.

MEd: University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2012.

PhD: Maastricht University School of Health Professions Education, Maastricht, Netherlands, 2020.

Services and Specialties

Emergency Medicine


Competency-based medical education; physician performance assessment; qualitative methodologies

Research Areas

Emergency Medicine


Finding Medicine's Moneyball: How Lessons From Major League Baseball Can Advance Assessment in Precision Education. Kinnear, B; Caretta-Weyer, H; Lam, AC L; Tang, B; Ginsburg, S; Wong, BM; Kelleher, M; Schumacher, DJ; Warm, EJ. Academic Medicine. 2024; 99:S35-S41.

The Next Era of Assessment: Can Ensuring High-Quality, Equitable Patient Care Be the Defining Characteristic?. Schumacher, DJ; Kinnear, B; Burk-Rafel, J; Santen, SA; Bullock, JL. Academic Medicine. 2024; 99:S7-S13.

Foreword: The Next Era of Assessment and Precision Education. Schumacher, DJ; Santen, SA; Pugh, CM; Burk-Rafel, J. Academic Medicine. 2024; 99:S1-S6.

Program Director Attitudes Toward Acceptance of Pediatric Dentistry Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs). Cully, JL; Schwartz, SB; Martini, A; Quinonez, RB; Harun, N; Schumacher, DJ; Klein, M. Pediatric Dentistry. 2024; 46:121-134.

Lessons From Organic Chemistry: The Case for Considering Both High Standards and Equity in Assessment. Caretta-Weyer, HA; Schumacher, DJ; Kinnear, B. Academic Medicine. 2024; 99:243-246.

What the hell is water? Changing medical education's ideology through validity. Kinnear, B; Schumacher, DJ. Medical Education. 2024; 58:274-276.

Multiuser immersive virtual reality simulation for interprofessional sepsis recognition and management. Zackoff, MW; Cruse, B; Sahay, RD; Zhang, B; Sosa, T; Schwartz, J; Depinet, H; Schumacher, D; Geis, GL. Journal of hospital medicine (Online). 2024; 19:185-192.

The Next Era of Assessment: Building a Trustworthy Assessment System. Caretta-Weyer, HA; Smirnova, A; Barone, MA; Frank, JR; Hernandez-Boussard, T; Levinson, D; Lombarts, KM J M H; Lomis, KD; Martini, A; Schumacher, DJ; Turner, DA; Schuh, A. Perspectives on Medical Education. 2024; 13:12-23.

Competency-based medical education: The spark to ignite healthcare's escape fire. Schumacher, DJ; Kinnear, B; Carraccio, C; Holmboe, E; Busari, JO; van der Vleuten, C; Lingard, L. Medical Teacher (Informa). 2024; 46:140-146.

Using Theory-Informed Group Processes to Make TIMELESS Promotion Decisions. Kinnear, B; Santen, SA; Schumacher, DJ; Kelleher, M; Awosika, B; Edje, L; Warm, EJ. Academic Medicine. 2024; 99:28-34.

From the Blog

Schumacher Invited to Elite Medical Education Fellowship
Emergency and Critical Care

Schumacher Invited to Elite Medical Education Fellowship

Daniel J. Schumacher, MD, PhD, MEd6/12/2023

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