A photo of Daniel J. Schumacher.

Director, Education Research Unit

Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics


Board Certified

My Biography & Research


Dr. Schumacher’s academic and research interests focus on the important intersection of learner outcomes and patient outcomes. He believes that meaningful learner assessment is foundational to this work, and much of his work to date has been in this area. He is a member of the Pediatrics Milestone Project Working Group, which has led him to publish and lecture widely on the Milestone Project and competency-based medical education, both within and outside the pediatric community.

Dr. Schumacher joined the faculty at Cincinnati Children’s from his role as an associate program director at the Boston Combined Residency Program, the training program of Boston Children’s Hospital and Boston Medical Center. In that role, he directed the program’s competency-based assessment system. This gives him practical knowledge that is informing his current research program focused on milestones-based assessment, the use of entrustable professional activities in outcomes-based assessment, and the structure and function of clinical competency committees that analyze assessment data to make summative assessment decisions. In this work, Dr. Schumacher is fortunate to be mentored by national and international experts in outcomes-based assessment.

Dr. Schumacher is a current visiting scholar of the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) and a previous visiting scholar of the American Board of Medical Specialties. He has been part of national efforts of the ABP, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, Association of American Medical Colleges, National Board of Medical Examiners, Federation of Pediatric Organizations, American Academy of Pediatrics, Association of Pediatric Program Directors, and Academic Pediatric Association. He is currently pursuing a PhD in medical education.

Research Interests

Competency-based medical education; physician performance assessment; qualitative methodologies

Academic Affiliation

Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics


Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medicine

My Education

MD: University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, 2005.

Residency: Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, 2008.

Chief Residency: Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics, Madison, WI, 2009.

Fellowship: Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, 2012.

MEd: University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2012.

PhD: Maastricht University School of Health Professions Education, Maastricht, Netherlands, 2020.

My Publications

Longitudinal Assessment of Resident Performance Using Entrustable Professional Activities. Schumacher, DJ; West, DC; Schwartz, A; Li, S; Millstein, L; Griego, EC; Turner, T; Herman, BE; Englander, R; Hemond, J; et al. JAMA Network Open. 2020; 3:e1919316-e1919316.

A Feasibility Study to Attribute Patients to Primary Interns on Inpatient Ward Teams Using Electronic Health Record Data. Schumacher, DJ; Wu, DT Y; Meganathan, K; Li, L; Kinnear, B; Sall, DR; Holmboe, E; Carraccio, C; van der Vleuten, C; Busari, J; et al. Academic Medicine. 2019; 94:1376-1383.

Justifications for Discrepancies Between Competency Committee and Program Director Recommended Resident Supervisory Roles. Schumacher, DJ; Poynter, S; Burman, N; Elliott, SP; Barnes, M; Gellin, C; del Rey, JG; Sklansky, D; Thoreson, L; King, B; et al. Academic Pediatrics. 2019; 19:561-565.

Pediatric Residents' Reports of Quality Improvement Cheek for Training and Experiences: Time for an Improvement updates Cycle?. Schumacher, DJ; Leslie, LK; Van, KD; Freed, GL. Academic Pediatrics. 2019; 19:399-403.

Defining and Adopting Clinical Performance Measures in Graduate Medical Education: Where Are We Now and Where Are We Going?. Smirnova, A; Sebok-Syer, SS; Chahine, S; Kalet, AL; Tamblyn, R; Lombarts, KM J M H; van der Vleuten, CP M; Schumacher, DJ. Academic Medicine. 2019; 94:671-677.

Milestone Ratings and Supervisory Role Categorizations Swim Together, but Is the Water Muddy?. Schumacher, DJ; Bartlett, KW; Elliott, SP; Michelson, C; Sharma, T; Garfunkel, LC; King, B; Schwartz, A; Barnes, M; Burman, N; et al. Academic Pediatrics. 2019; 19:144-151.

Developing Resident-Sensitive Quality Measures: Engaging Stakeholders to Inform Next Steps. Schumacher, DJ; Martini, A; Holmboe, E; Varadarajan, K; Busari, J; van der Vleuten, C; Carraccio, C. Academic Pediatrics. 2019; 19:177-185.

Key Factors in Clinical Competency Committee Members' Decisions Regarding Residents' Readiness to Serve as Supervisors: A National Study. Schumacher, DJ; Martini, A; Bartlett, KW; King, B; Calaman, S; Garfunkel, LC; Elliott, SP; Frohna, JG; Schwartz, A; Michelson, CD; et al. Academic Medicine. 2019; 94:251-258.

Keystone: Exploring Pediatric Residents' Experiences in a Longitudinal Integrated Block. Michelson, CD; Dzara, K; Ramani, S; Vinci, R; Schumacher, D. Teaching and Learning in Medicine: an international journal. 2019; 31:99-108.

A novel workplace-based assessment for competency-based decisions and learner feedback. Hicks, PJ; Margolis, MJ; Carraccio, CL; Clauser, BE; Donnelly, K; Fromme, HB; Gifford, KA; Poynter, SE; Schumacher, DJ; Schwartz, A; et al. Medical Teacher (Informa). 2018; 40:1143-1150.