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CPR for Infants (Newborn to 1 year)

How Do You Perform CPR on Infants (Newborn to 1 year)?

You Arrive on the Scene

Check the scene for safety. Check the infant for consciousness. Gently tap the shoulder or flick the bottom of the heel and shout.

No Response

Call 911 immediately.

If the infant is on his or her stomach, turn the infant over onto his or her back. The infant should be lying on a hard flat surface.

Check for Breathing and Signs of Life

Watch the chest for any normal movement. Look for signs of life and breathing for no more than 10 seconds.

No Breathing or Signs of Life

Begin CPR

a. Position two or three fingers on the center of the infant’s breastbone, just below the nipple line.

b. Compress the chest 1½ inches in depth 30 times.

c. After giving compressions, give breaths. Tilt the infant's head back, slightly, using one hand on the forehead and lifting up on the infant's chin with two fingers of your other hand. Cover both the infant’s nose and mouth with your mouth and give two small, slow breaths, watching for the infant’s chest to rise.

d. Continue with 30 compressions / two breathes, 30 compressions / two breathes, etc.

Continue CPR until another rescuer takes over, you see signs of life or help arrives.

Education Opportunities

The Center for Simulation and Research at Cincinnati Children’s offers CPR classes for patient families.

Call 513-636-1096 for more information or to sign up for a class.

Last Updated 02/2022

About the Video

The video on this page demonstrates proper techniques when providing rescue breathing and CPR for infants. 

BE ADVISED: This is not a certification for CPR.

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