Immune thrombocytopenia purpura or ITP is a blood disorder in which the number of platelets in the blood is decreased to low levels.  This can be dangerous because people depend on platelets to help stop bleeding. Platelets act like plugs in stopping the bleeding process. When a person has ITP, they may not have enough platelets to come together and plug up the source of bleeding.

This can cause the following symptoms:

  • Easy bruising
  • Nose bleeds
  • Bleeding from small blood vessels that cause round red / purple pinpoint spots on the skin called petechiae
  • Bleeding gums and small red / purple pinpoint spots in the mouth, or blood blisters in the mouth
  • Blood in urine and bowel movements
  • Excessive bleeding with injuries
  • Prolonged menstrual bleeding  
  • Internal bleeding (very rare)