Immune thrombocytopenia or ITP is a blood disorder in which the number of platelets in the blood is decreased to low levels. This can be unsafe because people depend on platelets to help stop bleeding. Platelets act like plugs in stopping the bleeding process. When a person has ITP, they may not have enough platelets to come together and plug up the source of bleeding.
This can cause these symptoms:
ITP can occur in both children and adults.
Treatment is not always needed for ITP. Treatment for ITP can vary based on the patient's age, medical history and how severe bleeding symptoms are. Not all children with ITP need treatment. In these cases, the treatment of choice is watching platelet counts and avoiding doing things that may cause injury or bleeding. This allows the body time to correct the disorder.
Last Updated 01/2019
The Cancer and Blood Diseases Institute at Cincinnati Children’s provides comprehensive, specialized care for children and young adults with blood diseases.
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