Blunt trauma like motor vehicle crashes, falls, bicycle crashes and violence causes most of the pancreatic injuries seen in young children.

A pancreatic injury may also happen from a gunshot wound or knife wound that tears and cuts the organ. These types of injuries are known as penetrating injuries.

The pancreas is not well protected in children due to their thin abdominal walls and underdeveloped muscles, so they are more likely than an adult to have a pancreas injury.