The right diet is key in helping the body absorb all the nutrients it needs to grow. For infants, the diet can consist of breast milk or formulas that are pre-digested or hypoallergenic. At the initial stage of treatment, IV nutrition is usually needed for growth and good hydration.
Treatment of vitamin deficiency and anemia is also very important.
It is hoped that the bowel will grow in size and adapt to eventually be able to perform all the required functions without the need for IV nutrition.
Intestinal transplantation can be considered for severe forms of short bowel syndrome.