James M Anderson Center for Health Systems Excellence
LEGEND Evidence Evaluation Tools & Resources

LEGEND Evidence Evaluation Tools & Resources 

At Cincinnati Children’s, we rely on LEGEND (Let Evidence Guide Every New Decision) to help us provide the best patient outcomes. We are also dedicated to sharing what we know. The LEGEND Evidence Evaluation System provides tools and resources to help guide your work in Evidence-Based Decision Making. This system guides you in evaluating the evidence from critical appraisal of the individual study through development of the care recommendation statement.

Following the Algorithm will help identify the study design of an individual study. Based on the domain and design of each study, using the Evidence Appraisal Forms will help evaluate the validity, reliability, and applicability then determine the Evidence Levels of each individual study, as studies relate to the clinical question. Once the individual studies have been appraised all included studies and articles will be evaluated together to determine the Grade for the Body of Evidence. Based on the critically appraised evidence, clinical experience, patient/family values and preferences, and other Dimensions of care, the Strength of the Recommendation will be determined by considered judgment of the clinical teams, through a consensus process, weighing how much each dimension influences the recommendation strength.

Evidence-Based Care Recommendation Development Processes

Domain of Clinical Question

Intervention

Diagnosis / Assessment

  • Systematic Review Meta-Analysis
  • CCT*
  • Psychometric Study
  • Cohort Prospective / Retrospective
  • Cross Sectional
  • Descriptive / Epidemiology / Case Series
  • Mixed Methods
  • Decision Analysis / Economic Analysis / Computer Simulation
  • Guidelines
  • Case Reports / N-of-1
  • Bench
  • Published Expert Opinion

Prognosis

  • Systematic Review Meta-Analysis
  • Cohort Prospective / Retrospective
  • Case Control
  • Cross Sectional
  • Descriptive / Epidemiology / Case Series
  • Mixed Methods
  • Decision Analysis / Economic Analysis / Computer Simulation
  • Guidelines
  • Case Reports / N-of-1
  • Bench
  • Published Expert Opinion

Etiology / Risk Factors

  • Systematic Review Meta-Analysis
  • RCT* / CCT*
  • Cohort Prospective / Retrospective
  • Case Control
  • Cross Sectional
  • Descriptive / Epidemiology / Case Series
  • Mixed Methods
  • Decision Analysis / Economic Analysis / Computer Simulation
  • Guidelines
  • Case Reports / N-of-1
  • Bench
  • Published Expert Opinion

Incidence

  • Systematic Review Meta-Analysis
  • Cohort - Prospective / Retrospective
  • Descriptive / Epidemiology / Case Series
  • Guidelines
  • Case Reports / N-of-1
  • Bench
  • Published Expert Opinion

Prevalence

  • Systematic Review Meta-Analysis
  • Case Control
  • Cross Sectional
  • Descriptive / Epidemiology / Case Series
  • Guidelines
  • Case Reports / N-of-1
  • Bench
  • Published Expert Opinion

Meaning / KAB*

  • Meta-Synthesis
  • Qualitative Study
  • Descriptive / Epidemiology / Case Series
  • Guidelines
  • Case Reports / N-of-1
  • Bench
  • Published Expert Opinion

Any Domain

  • Bench
  • Case Reports / N-of-1
  • Decision Analysis
  • Descriptive
  • Expert Opinion
  • Guideline
  • Mixed Methods

Intervention includes Treatment, Therapy, Prevention, Harm, and Quality Improvement

CCT= Controlled Clinical Trial; KAB= Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs; RCT= Randomized Controlled Trial

Contact Us

For information, feedback or questions about our evidence-based decision making documents, email EBDMinfo@cchmc.org.