BA: magna cum laude, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, 1980.
MD: Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, 1984.
MPH: College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, 2009.
Residency: Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI, 1984-87.
Fellowship: Pediatric Rheumatology, Division of Rheumatology, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, 1991-94.
Certification: American Board of Pediatrics: General Pediatrics, 1988 (recertified 2014); Pediatric Rheumatology, 1994 (recertified 2008); National Board of Public Health Examiners, 2009.