A photo of Paul Kingma.

Paul S. Kingma, MD, PhD

  • Director, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) Center
  • Associate Professor, UC Department of Pediatrics



Paul S. Kingma, MD, PhD, serves as an attending physician in the Cincinnati Children’s NICU and as neonatal director of the Cincinnati Fetal Center. Dr Kingma leads several basic science and translation research projects that focus on four primary goals.

The first goal is to improve our understanding of pathogenesis of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). To this end, Dr. Kingma’s laboratory is developing novel methods for measuring lung injury in CHD infants and he has advanced the use of airway pressure release ventilation as a method of reducing lung injury in infants with CDH. In addition, as part of a collaboration with Dr. Jason Woods, Dr. Kingma is using novel MRI-based methods to measure lung growth and function in CDH infants.

The second goal is to improve our understanding of the formation, repair and prognosis of tracheal esophageal (TE) defects. Dr. Kingma is using novel MRI techniques for evaluating tracheal and esophageal morphology in infants with TE defects. In addition, Dr. Kingma is leading an effort to gather detailed anatomic, genetic and clinical outcome data on a large cohort of patients with TE defects in order enhance diagnosis, predict patients at risk for complications, and ultimately improve treatment.

The third goal is to develop effective clinical management strategies to prevent and treat intestinal dysfunction and feeding intolerance in infants with gastroschisis. Dr. Kingma is currently leading a Gerber Foundation funded study that is using MRI to quantify intestinal factors that lead to enteral feeding intolerance.

The final goal of is to improve our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of neonatal lung injury. Specifically, Dr. Kingma is evaluating the role of the Surfactant Protein D (SP-D) and the pulmonary innate immune system. In addition, Dr. Kingma is part of a Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center collaboration that is developing SP-D as a therapeutic agent designed to improve surfactant function and reduce lung injury in premature infants.

BS: Calvin College, MI, 1992.

MD: Vanderbilt University, TN, 2000.

PhD: Vanderbilt University, TN, 2000.

Residency: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 2003.

Fellowship: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 2005.


Neonatology; fetal care; neonatal care of infants with congenital malformations including congenital diaphragmatic hernia, tracheal-esophageal defects and gastroschisi

Services and Specialties

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia, Newborn Intensive Care NICU, Neonatology, Perinatal, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia BPD


Innate immune systems; surfactant protein D; Neonatal lung growth; genetic basis of congenital malformations

Research Areas

Neonatology, Pulmonary Biology

Insurance Information

Cincinnati Children's strives to accept a wide variety of health plans. Please contact your health insurance carrier to verify coverage for your specific benefit plan.

View Insurance Information



Feeding Tolerance, Intestinal Motility, and Superior Mesenteric Artery Blood Flow in Infants with Gastroschisis. Williams, SL; Tkach, JA; Rattan, MS; South, AP; Wessel, J; Kingma, PS. Neonatology. 2020; 117:95-101.


Neonatal lung growth in congenital diaphragmatic hernia: evaluation of lung density and mass by pulmonary MRI. Adaikalam, SA; Higano, NS; Tkach, JA; Lim, FY; Haberman, B; Woods, JC; Kingma, PS. Pediatric Research. 2019; 86:635-640.


Evaluation of Lung Injury in Infants with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. Marks, KT; Landis, MW; Lim, FY; Haberman, B; Kingma, PS. Journal of Pediatric Surgery. 2019; 54:2443-2447.


Pre- and post-operative visualization of neonatal esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula via magnetic resonance imaging. Higano, NS; Bates, AJ; Tkach, JA; Fleck, RJ; Lim, FY; Woods, JC; Kingma, PS. Journal of Pediatric Surgery Case Reports. 2018; 29:5-8.


Evaluation of Neonatal Lung Volume Growth by Pulmonary Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Patients with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia. Schopper, MA; Walkup, LL; Tkach, JA; Higano, NS; Lim, FY; Haberman, B; Woods, JC; Kingma, PS. Journal of Pediatrics. 2017; 188:96-102.e1.

Quantitative cardiopulmonary magnetic resonance imaging in neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Tkach, JA; Higano, NS; Taylor, MD; Moore, RA; Hossain, M; Huang, G; Spielberg, DR; Fain, SB; Kingma, PS; Woods, JC. Pediatric Radiology. 2022; 52:2306-2318.

Identification and validation of candidate risk genes in endocytic vesicular trafficking associated with esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistulas. Zhong, G; Ahimaz, P; Edwards, NA; Hagen, JJ; Faure, C; Lu, Q; Kingma, P; Middlesworth, W; Khlevner, J; El Fiky, M; et al. 2022; 3.

Comparison of Airway Pressure Release Ventilation to High-Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation in Neonates with Refractory Respiratory Failure. Arya, S; Kingma, ML; Dornette, S; Weber, A; Bardua, C; Mierke, S; Kingma, PS. International Journal of Pediatrics. 2022; 2022.

Tracheostomy prediction model in neonatal bronchopulmonary dysplasia via lung and airway MRI. Adaikalam, SA; Higano, NS; Hysinger, EB; Bates, AJ; Fleck, RJ; Schapiro, AH; House, MA; Nathan, AT; Ahlfeld, SK; Brady, JM; et al. Pediatric Pulmonology. 2022; 57:1042-1050.

Cover Image, Volume 57, Number 4, April 2022. Adaikalam, SA; Higano, NS; Hysinger, EB; Bates, AJ; Fleck, RJ; Schapiro, AH; House, MA; Nathan, AT; Ahlfeld, SK; Brady, JM; et al. Pediatric pulmonology. Supplement. 2022; 57:ii-ii.

Patient Ratings and Comments

All patient satisfaction ratings and comments are submitted by actual patients and verified by a leading independent patient satisfaction company, NRC Health. Patient identities are withheld to ensure confidentiality and privacy. Only those providers whose satisfaction surveys are administered through Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center are displayed. Click here to learn more about our survey

Overall Patient Rating