BS: Mathematics/Natural Science, Secondary Education Minor, University of Mary, Bismarck, ND, 1988.
PhD: Developmental Biology, Developmental Biology and Medical Science Scholars Programs, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 1994.
MD: Medical Science Scholars Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 1996.
Residency: Anatomic Pathology, Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University-Barnes/Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO, 1996-2002.
Clinical Training/Postdoctoral Research: Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO, 1999-2002.
Licensure: State of Ohio, 2003.
Certification: Anatomic Pathology, The American Board of Pathology, 1999.