Autism is a developmental condition of the brain that affects language development, social interaction and behavior. This condition causes various autism spectrum disorders (ASD) that range from mild to severe.

Autism (or ASD) occurs in as many as one in 68 children. Males are four to five times more likely to have autism than females. An estimated one out of 42 boys and one out of 189 girls are diagnosed with autism each year. It is estimated that over 3 million persons in the United States currently have some form of ASD.