Facts about Vision Problems
- About 5 percent to 10 percent of preschoolers have vision problems.
- About 10 percent of school-aged children have vision problems.
- Without proper screening, vision problems may not be detected and permanent loss of vision may occur.
Risk Factors for Problems with Vision
The following are some of the risk factors that may increase your child's risk of having some problems with his/her vision:
- Maternal infections while pregnant
- Heart disease in the infant
- Problems with the actual structure of the eye present at birth
- Family history of problems with vision
- Hearing problems
- Premature infant
- Trauma to the eye
- Maternal drug use
Per Ohio Department of Health Guidelines:
By Nov. 1, a student enrolled for the first time in either kindergarten or first grade must be given a vision screening in accordance with the requirements set forth by the OD (section 3313.673 of the Ohio revised code). He/she must then be screened in grades 3, 5, 7, 9 and 12.
If a child fails the vision screening he/she should see his/her pediatrician first who will then refer the child to a specialist if necessary.