What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
Researchers have shown that 8 percent to 10 percent of children snore every night. Approximately 1 percent to 2 percent of children have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA occurs when a child stops breathing during sleep. The child may struggle to breath, and may have snorting and gasping sounds during sleep.
What causes Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
Several factors contribute to OSA in children, but the most common cause is enlarged tonsils and adenoids. Overweight children are also at risk for OSA.
What are the associated risks?
If left untreated, OSA can lead to many long-term consequences including cardiovascular complications, and neurocognitive complications such as poor school performance, behavior problem and hyperactivity.
How do you diagnose Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
OSA can be diagnosed by an overnight sleep study.
How do you treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
Treatment of OSA in children may involve surgery to remove tonsils and adenoids, the use of a mechanical device such as CPAP and medications.
If you suspect that your child may have OSA, you should talk to your pediatrician. Your child may need to be referred to the sleep center for further evaluation.
Visit our Upper Airway Center - Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea