Researchers at Cincinnati Children's are studying a collar that may help to prevent sports head injuries.

Significant morbidity, mortality, and related costs are caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI). A simple, effective, and lightweight device worn by athletes or war fighters in the field, designed to mitigate TBI resulting from blast trauma or concussive events, would save lives, and the huge costs incurred for life-treatment of surviving victims.

An externally-worn medical device that applies mild jugular compression according to the principle of the Queckenstedt Maneuver (the Q-Collar) is being developed by Q30 Sports Science, LLC (Q30).

Five years of preliminary research suggests that the Q-Collar has the potential to reduce the likelihood of TBI. The currently developed collar (Smith 2009; Smith 2011; Smith 2011; Smith 2012) has been approved for studies in humans and the results indicate safety for use during high demand and maximal exertion activities.

Regarding safety, the externally worn collar is meticulously designed to mimic the body’s own omohyoid muscle actions upon the jugular veins that will provide similar pressure and volume increases not to surpass that of a yawn or the mere act of just lying down. 

To learn more read our press release and our article in Research Horizons.

Related Publications

Yuan W, Leach J, Maloney T, et al. Neck Collar with Mild Jugular Vein Compression Ameliorates Brain Activation Changes during a Working Memory Task after a Season of High School Football. Journal of Neurotrauma. 2017;34(16):2432-2444.

Bailey DM, Clark JF, Myer GD, et al. Commentaries on Viewpoint: "Tighter fit" theory-physiologists explain why "higher altitude" and jugular occlusion are unlikely to reduce risks for sports concussion and brain injuries. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2017;122(1):218-220.

LaBella CR, Myer GD. Youth sports injury prevention: keep calm and play on. Br J Sports Med. 2016.

Myer GD, Yuan W, Barber Foss KD, et al. The Effects of External Jugular Compression Applied during Head Impact Exposure on Longitudinal Changes in Brain Neuroanatomical and Neurophysiological Biomarkers: A Preliminary Investigation. Frontiers in Neurology. 2016;7:74.

Myer GD, Yuan W, Barber Foss KD, et al. Analysis of head impact exposure and brain microstructure response in a season-long application of a jugular vein compression collar: a prospective, neuroimaging investigation in American football. Br J Sports Med. 2016;50(20):1276-1285.

Schneider DK, Grandhi RK, Bansal P, et al. Current state of concussion prevention strategies: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective, controlled studies. Br J Sports Med. 2016.

Kiefer AW, Barber Foss K, Reches A, et al. Brain Network Activation as a Novel Biomarker for the Return-to-Play Pathway Following Sport-Related Brain Injury. Frontiers in Neurology. 2015;6:243.

Myer GD, Smith D, Barber Foss KD, et al. Rates of concussion are lower in National Football League games played at higher altitudes. The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 2014;44(3):164-172.

Smith DW, Myer GD, Currie DW, Comstock RD, Clark JF, Bailes JE. Altitude Modulates Concussion Incidence: Implications for Optimizing Brain Compliance to Prevent Brain Injury in Athletes. Orthop J Sports Med. 2013;1(6):2325967113511588.