MBBCh (MD): Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, 1978.
MS: Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt, 1982.
Residency: Internal Medicine/Pediatrics, Michigan State University, Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Mich.; Internal Medicine/Pediatrics, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio, 1990-1992.
Fellowship: Allergy/Clinical Immunology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, 1986-1987; Allergy/Clinical Immunology, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1992-1995.
Certification: American Board of Internal Medicine, 1992; American Board of Pediatrics, 1992, re-certification 2008 (fulfilling Maintenance of Certification to December 2018); American Board of Allergy and Immunology, 1995, re-certification 2015 - 2025.