BS: Biology, University of Richmond, VA, August 1983-May 1987.
MD: Medical College of Virginia, Richmond, VA, August 1987-May 1991.
Intern: General Surgery Intern, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, July 1991-June 1992.
Residency: General surgery resident, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 1992-1993; Orthopaedic surgery resident, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 1994-1998.
Fellowship: Orthopaedic research fellow, Noyes-Giannestras Biomechanics Lab, University of Cincinnati Department of Aerospace Engineering, 1993-1994; Bone and Soft Tissue Sarcoma Management Fellowship (Orthopaedic Oncology), Harvard University, Massachusetts General Hospital and Boston, Children’s Hospital, August 1998-July 1999.
Certification: American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons.