Treatment for soft tissue sarcoma can include surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
The patient may have a procedure, called a wide resection with margins, to remove the tumor and some tissue around the tumor. If the doctor is concerned that the cancer has also spread to nearby lymph nodes, they may also be removed.
Patients may have radiation treatment before surgery to make the tumor smaller. After surgery, additional radiation therapy can help kill any tumor cells left in the body.
The doctor will make a plan for radiation based on the treatment goals and the location of the tumor.
Two types of radiation are used, regular radiation or proton radiation. Proton radiation has less side effects because it kills the tumor but does not hurt organs and healthy tissue. This means fewer short-term side effects and long-term complications from radiation. Cincinnati Children’s is one of the few pediatric hospitals in the country that offers proton therapy.
If the tumor is large or has spread to other areas, the doctor may recommend chemotherapy or other types of drugs to help kill the cancer cells.
Clinical Research Trials
Soft tissue sarcoma can be challenging to treat. In some situations, the doctor may recommend participating in a clinical trial for children or adolescents and young adults at Cincinnati Children's.
Follow-up imaging tests can help monitor how the cancer is responding to treatment.