BS: Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 1978.
MS: Genetics, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 1981.
MD: University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 1984.
Residency: Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University Hospitals, Columbus, OH, 1987.
Fellowship: Pulmonary Medicine, Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, 1989.
Certification: Diplomat in Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine, 1987; Diplomat, National Board of Medical Examiners, 1987; Diplomat in Pulmonary Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine, 2000.