BS: Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 1991.
MD: Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1995.
Residency: University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, Arizona, 1998.
Fellowship: Cardiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, 2001.
MS: Clinical Epidemiology and Health Services Research, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 2005.