Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a process of building up tolerance to a food your child is allergic to. The goal of OIT is to decrease your child’s sensitivity to the food allergen. By slowly introducing the food allergen, it may lower the risk of life-threatening allergic reactions. The process is also known as desensitization.
The first step in this process is to find a safe starting amount of the food for your child. During your clinic visit, the doctor will identify the right dose your child can tolerate without having allergy symptoms. Your child will then take this small amount of the food every day at home. The dose slowly increases at clinic visits. Your child will get a slightly larger amount of the food at each clinic visit, and you will give the new dose each day at home until your doctor gives you other instructions.
Your child is a good candidate for OIT if:
- We can find a safe starting dose of the food allergen for your child
- They can cooperate with eating the food every day
- You are willing to make sure your child gets their dose of the food allergen every day;
- You can come for clinic visits every 2 to 4 weeks for roughly 6 months or longer, depending on how the process goes with your child
Peanut Oral Immunotherapy
For more information about peanut oral immunotherapy at Cincinnati Children’s, watch this 50-minute webinar featuring Justin T. Schwartz, MD, PhD, Sandy Durrani, MD and Christa Mills, MSN, RN as they explain the basics of oral immunotherapy, what is involved, the risks and benefits and data from Cincinnati Children’s peanut food allergy oral immunotherapy. Select the full screen view for the best viewing experience.
Watch the Peanut Oral Immunotherapy Webinar